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Full Text Search

Full text search allows searching for words or phrases in a large body of text through an inverted index. The search can be exact or “fuzzy” and performed over the text types CHAR, VARCHAR, TEXT, and LONGTEXT.

Currently, full text indexes are only supported on columnstore tables. Also, they can only be enabled as part of a CREATE TABLE query using the FULLTEXT index type. This means full text indexes can’t be dropped or altered after the table is created. If the table is dropped, then then index is deleted automatically.

Content in columns that are full text indexed can be searched using the MATCH syntax. Each MATCH clause applies to only one table. To search against multiple tables, you need to specify multiple MATCH clauses.

Info

Small inserts/updates for columnstore tables go into a hidden rowstore table first and are then flushed to a segment file later. This means for small inserts/updates, the full text index will be updated asynchronously; however, you can force push updates from the rowstore table to your columnstore table using OPTIMIZE TABLE tbl_name FLUSH. Larger inserts go straight to the segment file and the full text index will be updated immediately.

For more information on Columnstore tables, see Columnstore.

Index Lifecycle

For columnstore tables with a full text index, the index is stored as a file on disk and is created when a segment file (on-disk unit of storage for columnstore columns) is created. Its size is roughly equal to the combined compressed sizes of the columns that it is indexing over. Because the index file is created when the segment file is created, this means there will be one full text index per segment file. The full text index’s lifecycle is also matched to the segment file’s lifecycle. Segment files are sometimes merged, and in that case, the old segment data is copied into a new file and the original segment file is deleted. The corresponding full text index file will be deleted when the segment file is deleted.

For more information on segments, see How the MemSQL Columnstore Works.

Examples

For examples on how to create a table with a FULLTEXT index and how to search against that table using MATCH, see MATCH.